Colorectal cancer - cancer of the colon and rectum - is the second leading cancer killer in the United States affecting both men and women. Your risk increases as you age. Some people are at even higher risk depending on their personal or family history. The good news is that colorectal cancer is preventable and if detected early, it is curable.
Screening can prevent colorectal cancer.
Colorectal cancer [cancer of the colon and rectum] is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States for both men and women combined. The general population faces a lifetime risk for developing the disease of about 5%, while someone whose family has a history of colorectal cancer has a 10 to 15 percent chance of developing the disease. The risk rises to over 50% in people with ulcerative colitis and those whose family members had colorectal cancers.
Approximately more than 1,00,000 new cases of colorectal cancer will be diagnosed and 45-50% out of them die from this disease every year. Surpassing both breast cancer and prostate cancer in mortality, colorectal cancer is second only to lung cancer in numbers of deaths in developed countries. Colorectal cancer strikes men and women with almost equal frequency.
Colorectal cancer is often a silent disease, developing with no symptoms at all.
If you have any of these symptoms for more than two weeks, consult our doctor immediately. While not everyone who has these symptoms will have colon cancer, persistence of these is not normal and requires additional investigation to determine the underlying cause.
YES ! Polyp-related colorectal cancer can be prevented. The disease develops from benign polyps (mushroom-like growths on the lining of the colon and rectum). Removing these polyps before they become cancerous may prevent cancer from developing.
A low-fat diet, high in vegetable and fruit intake & regular exercise for at least 20 minutes three to four days each week. Moderate exercise such as walking, gardening, or climbing steps may help reduce your rise of developing colorectal cancer.
Colorectal cancer can be cured in up to 90 percent of people when it is discovered in its early stages. It is estimated that approximately 40,000 lives a year could be saved through widespread adoption of colorectal cancer screening and early treatment in men and women.
The risk of developing colorectal cancer increases with age. All men and women aged 45 years and older are at risk for developing colorectal cancer and should be screened. Some people are at a higher risk and should be screened at an age younger than 45, including those with a personal or family history of inflammatory bowel disease; colorectal cancer or polyps or ovarian, endometrial or breast cancer.